How to Transplant a Tree: What to Do and What Not To Do

How to Transplant a Tree: What to Do and What Not To Do

Trees root into the earth, but that doesn’t mean they are impossible to remove from the ground and transport to a new home.

You love your trees, but sometimes they’re better suited for locations elsewhere. Perhaps they’ve out-grown the space in which they’re rooted, or, maybe you plan to move somewhere new but wish to bring that special tree along with you.

Regardless of the tree you’re moving and the space to which you plant transport it, there are several guidelines to follow for the safe and proper transplanting of trees:

1. There and good and not-so-ideal times of the year to transplant trees. “The best time to transplant a tree is when it’s dormant and the ground conditions are ‘just right,’” says Rick Hanshaw, manager of the Davey Nursery in Wooster, Ohio. Click here to find the best months of year to transplant your tree, including your pine, oak, maple or fruit tree. 

2. Ideal transplanting locations depend on the size and species of the tree you transplant. According to Hanshaw, trees prefer different levels of shade and sun, as well as varying soil drainage conditions. The potential height and size of the tree and the location of home foundations, power lines and underground utilities all affect the transplanting location.

“You need to identify the tree species first,” Hanshaw says. “There are a lot of different variables involved with choosing the correct location to which to transplant a tree.”

3. There isn’t a big difference between transplanting mature trees vs. young trees. The vigorous growth rate and easily manageable root ball of a young tree make its transplanting process fairly easy. However, all trees experience some degree of shock after being transplanted—the length of recovery time simply depends on the quality of after care.

“Mature trees will just take more after care than younger trees after being transplanted,” Hanshaw says.

4. Some tree species react better to transplanting than others. According to Hanshaw, red maples, elms and bald cypress generally respond better to being transplanted than other species, in northern regions, in particular. “Specifically red maples have much more fibrous root systems of which you can capture more when digging,” Hanshaw explains.

According to Sean Jackson, branch manager of Davey’s Jacksonville commercial landscape services, however, most trees will move well, assuming proper time is allotted to correctly fertilize, root prune, dig a the properly sized root ball and water before and after transplanting.

“It is equally important to continue a pest management/fertilization program after transplanting, as the tree can have a 1- to 2-year root transition growth before becoming reestablished,” Jackson says.

The only conditions for which we do not recommend relocating a tree include:

a. The tree is in a state of stress/deterioration that would warrant a removal.

b. The new location is unsuitable for the specified tree.

5. Several steps are involved for successful tree transplanting:

a. Ensure the time and budget required to transplant a tree in a careful, timely manner is available.

b. Your tree will lose a significant amount of its root system during transplanting. Make sure it’s well-hydrated before the transplanting process begins.

c. Once the tree is uprooted, tie up the crown as much as possible to reduce limb breakage during the move.

d. Wrap the tree in a tarp to reduce wind damage moisture loss.

e. Water the tree as soon as possible after transplanting. This is most important.

f. Follow up with proper tree care and inspections for insect damage.

If you’re thinking about transplanting one of your trees this spring, contact your local, professionally-trained Davey arborist for a free consultation.

  • The Tree Doctor October 24, 2017 >Hi Christine. Essentially any tree can be moved if you have unlimited resources. However, survival rate of the tree decreases dramatically with tree diameter. Even if that tree could be moved, which would likely require a significant financial investment, its chance of survival is very low. It would take a significant amount of time for the tree to reestablish its root system to the original size. We would not recommend trying to transplant this tree. Hope this helps, Christine!
  • Christine Light October 23, 2017 >Hello: I wass interested in finding out if it if feasible/possible to transplant a persimmon tree. It is a mature tree , about 42" at the base, with two main trunks, about the same size (20" , &22". Please contact and let me know asap. Thank you
  • The Tree Doctor October 17, 2017 >Hi there, James. Since their roots aren’t very invasive and it is a relatively small tree, it can most likely be transplanted. However, we would recommend a professional doing the transplant due to the age of the tree. Be sure to choose a location with partial shade and well-draining soil. Here if you have any other questions, James.
  • James Lindsay Cobbs October 16, 2017 >I have a Lace leaf maple that is approximately 24 years old. It is planted inside a brick plant next to my home. The canopy intrudes on walking space to my front door. Is it possible to transplant it to another location in my yard?
  • The Tree Doctor September 14, 2017 >Hi Mark. Thanks for reaching out. We would be happy to come out to your property for a consultation. I have passed along your request to your local office, so they should be reaching out soon. Or, if you’d like, you can contact them at 703.297.3002 or online, davey.com/local-offices/northern-virginia-tree-service/. Either way, talk soon Mark.
  • Mark Johnston September 14, 2017 >We have an oak tree that I would like to see what options are available to relocate on property. thanks Mark
  • The Tree Doctor August 21, 2017 >Hi Steve! We would be happy to come to your property for a consultation! I have passed along your request to your local office to set up a free consultation, so they should be reaching out soon. Or if you’d prefer, you can contact them at 703.297.3002 or davey.com/residential-tree-services/find-a-local-office/. Here if you have any other questions, Steve.
  • Steve Petullo August 16, 2017 >I would like to speak with someone about moving (not far, about 10 feet) two Yoshino Cryptomerias that are in my back yard. They are about 10 feet tall and have been in the ground 2.5 years. Thank you! Sincerely, Steve Petullo
  • The Tree Doctor July 11, 2017 >Hi there, Danny. Unfortunately, Davey Tree doesn't provide residential tree service in your neck of the woods! In the meantime, you may find this article helpful, Danny: blog.davey.com/2015/04/how-to-transplant-a-tree-what-to-do-and-what-not-to-do/.
  • Danny Dymarkowski July 10, 2017 >Looking to have several large oaks moved from a over crowded windbreak to another location on the same property.
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