Each spring, we eagerly await the moment our trees will sprout that first leaf–then another and another.
While it’s easy to see when trees grow new leaves, we can’t see when their tree roots are growing. Luckily, our scientists at the Davey Institute study exactly what is happening underground with trees. With their discoveries, we can understand and care for trees better.
Below, learn how much trees grow each season and how you can help your tree roots grow more.
In general, tree roots grow the most in late spring through very early summer. Many trees experience another smaller growth spurt in early fall.
This second period of growth is very dependent on what kind of tree you have. Some tree species experience this. Some grow a little. And some don’t undergo this uptick in fall growth.
Yes and no! As long as the ground temperature is above freezing, tree roots can and do continue to grow. As soil temperature moves closer to 36°, roots grow less. Then, once it’s freezing, growth pauses and resumes as soil warms.
Overall, it’s safe to say your tree roots do grow a bit during winter. But, from November to April, any root growth is a bonus.
“Right now, there isn’t enough data or research to prove definitively when tree roots grow the fastest,” said Greg Mazur, a technical advisor at Davey with over 35 years of experience. “We do know that roots grow anytime the ground isn’t frozen–if they have the water, air and nutrients they need,” Mazur added.
Trees depend on us to provide essential nutrients, which are found in fertilizers. Once they have that, tree roots can keep on growing! Then, when the nutrients are depleted, growth slows or may even stop.
At Davey, our experts exclusively use Arbor Green PRO® to keep trees nourished each year. 60 percent of nitrogen from this fertilizer is available the first year, 30 percent the second year and 10 percent the third year. Our goal is to always make sure your tree has enough nutrients to keep on growing.